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FAQs about Venezuela History

Why is the Country called Venezuela?

Even though the history of the name Venezuela is not very clear, there are different ideas about its ethimology. However, two versions of the true origin of the name Venezuela are better received by the general population: The traditional version -European origin- and the alternate one or indigenous version. Name origin of Venezuela – European […]

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Culture History Patriotic symbols

Venezuelan National Anthem

Gloria al Bravo Pueblo (literally translated “Glory for the Brave People”) is the song that Antonio Guzman Blanco established as the National Anthem of Venezuela on 25 May 1881. Vicente Salias composed the lyrics and Juan José Landaeta created the music, although there have been official modifications throughout the years. Back in the 1800s, the […]

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Biographies Caucasian Venezuelans Culture Fathers of Independence History

Vicente Salias

Vicente Salias was a Doctor, writer, and journalist who gave his life for Venezuela’s Independence. He is credited with the authorship of the lyrics of the National Anthem, along with Juan Jose Landaeta. His parents were Francisco Antonio Salias Tordesillas and María Margarita Sanoja Cabeza de Vaca. He had 4 brothers, Juan Mariano, Carlos, Pedro […]

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Biographies Caucasian Venezuelans History Presidents of Venezuela

Antonio Guzmán Blanco

Antonio Guzmán Blanco was a politician, statesman, military chief of the Federal War, leader of the Yellow Liberal Party and president of the Republic on several occasions between 1870 and 1888. He has been known throughout history as the “Civilizing Autocrat”, as well as by the titles of “Illustrious American”, and “Regenerator and Peacemaker”, granted […]

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Biographies History

Who was Diego de Losada?

Diego de Losada was a Spanish conqueror that faced the Maracapana. He overcame the indigenous resistance and founded the current capital of Venezuela: Santiago de Leon de Caracas, better known as just Caracas. His parents were Álvaro Pérez de Losada and Catalina de Osorio. Like most of his contemporaries, his interest in learning about the […]

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Biographies Caucasian Venezuelans Fathers of Independence History

Juan José Landaeta

Juan José Landaeta was a Venezuelan musician, instrumentalist, composer and orchestra conductor. He is credited, along with Vicente Salias, for the composition of the patriotic song Gloria al Bravo Pueblo (1810). His parents were Juan José Landaeta and María Candelaria Arévalo, both of whom were free browns. As a child, he entered the music school […]

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Biographies History Indigenous Peoples

Who was Cacique Guaicaipuro?

Guaicaipuro was a Cacique and warrior chief of Taima origin. He was raised by Cacique Catuche of the Teques tribe. He is one of the most famous Caciques of Venezuela for leading the joint indigenous resistance against the Spanish colonization. Cacique Guaicaipuro was born in Caracas, on 8 December 1530. After being trained as warrior, […]

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Biographies History Indigenous Peoples

Who was Cacique Baruta?

Cacique Baruta was a Mariche, name of a Venezuelan tribe that lived in what today is the area of Filas de Mariche. He was the son of the Great Cacique Guaicaipuro and Urquia. His name comes from the name given by the Mariches to the jabillo. Cacique Baruta is part of the coalition led by […]

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Biographies History Indigenous Peoples

Who was Cacique Tiuna?

Tiuna was born in the tribe of Los Caracas, his childhood was formed under the tutelage of Cacique Catia and was characterized by his great bravery. He exercised power in the Guayabos Valley, currently known as Catia La Mar. His domains extended through the mountains, limiting with the Tuy Valleys, Filas de Mariche and part […]

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Biographies History Indigenous Peoples

Who was Cacique Tamanaco?

Two years after the death of the Great Cacique Guaicaipuro, the Cacique Tamanaco arose as cacique of the Mariches and Quiriquires Indigenous peoples. His mission was to form an alliance between the different Carib Tribes. Cacique Tamanaco led the resistance against the Spanish conquest during most of the XVI century, especially in the central zone […]