Venezuelan National Symbols

Venezuela has many symbols and all of them comes with different meanings. Understanding them is entering the roots of our people, getting to know our history and customs and experiencing our nation from a completely different perspective.

The Venezuelan Flag

The flag of the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela was created by Francisco de Miranda, the precursor of the Independence, who first raised it as an insignia on his ship the “Leander”, in the roadstead of Jacmel in Haiti on March 12, 1806, as part of his Liberating expedition.
The National Flag is formed by the colors yellow, blue and red in united, equal and horizontal stripes in that same order. In the middle of the blue stripe, eight white stars of 5 points are placed in a circle arc with an upward convexity.
Venezuela celebrates the National Flag Day on March 12th every year

The Venezuelan Coat of Arms

The Coat of Arms of the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela bears the colors of the National Flag in three quarters:
The quarter to the left of the person observing is red and contains the figure of a bunch of harvest, with as many ears as states have the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela, as a symbol of the union and the wealth of the Nation.
The quarter on the right of those who observe are yellow and as an emblem of triumph, there is a sword, a lance, a bow and an arrow inside a quiver, a machete and two national flags intertwined by a laurel wreath.
The third quarter is blue, and occupies the whole lower part of the Coat of Arms, with an untamed white horse galloping to the left of the observer and looking ahead, an emblem of independence and freedom.
The Coat of Arms has as a bell, as a symbol of abundance, the figures of two cornucopias interlaced in the middle, arranged horizontally, full of fruits and tropical flowers, and on the sides the figures of an olive branch to the left of who observes and a palm to the right of who observes, tied by the inferior part of the Coat of Arms with a ribbon made with the colors the national tricolor flag. On the blue strip of the ribbon, the following inscriptions are placed in gold letters, to the left of whoever observes April 19, 1810, “Independence”, to the right of whoever observes, “February 20, 1859”, “Federation”, and in the center “Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela”.

The Venezuelan Anthem

The National Anthem of the Republic of Venezuela constitutes, along with the Flag and the Coat of Arms, the Patriotic Symbols. It is the patriotic song known with the traditional name of “Gloria al Bravo Pueblo” (Glory to the Brave People in English).
Its official designation was made by the former President of the Republic, Antonio Guzmán Blanco, through a decree issued in Caracas on May 25, 1881. With lyrics by Salias and music by Landaeta, the “Gloria al Bravo Pueblo”, dates from the days following April 19, 1810.

MORE: All about the National Anthem of Venezuela

The Venezuelan National Tree

The Araguaney was declared a National Tree on May 29, 1948. Its scientific name Tabebuia is of indigenous origin and Chrisantha is derived from the Greek words meaning “voice of gold”. It is known by the names of Acapro, Curari, Araguan or Cañada, Flor Amarilla and Puy….. Throughout the Venezuelan topography you can enjoy wonderful yellow landscapes, adorning the natural beauties and the feeling that we are in Venezuela.

The Venezuelan National Bird

The Turpial was declared a National Bird on May 23, 1958. Its scientific name is Icterus icterus. It can be recognized by its yellow-orange colors all over its body, except for its head and wings which are black with white parts and it has a small but intense blue spot around its eyes. It lives alone or in pairs in warm places, such as plains, cardonales, thorny bushes, deciduous forests (that lose the leaves) and gallery forests (in the margins of the rivers).

The Venezuelan National Flower

The Orchid or Mayflower was declared the national flower on May 23rd, 1951. Its scientific name Cattleya, reminds William Cattley, who in 1818 cultivated the first bulbs of this plant in England, through a species sent from Brazil and it was the Botanist John Lindley who gave it this name. In 1839 it was found in Venezuela and it is known as Flor de Mayo. As it is the time of the year that it blooms.
Out of the family of orchids, this is the largest in the plant kingdom, as it it is formed by approximately 30,000 species and 800 genera. It is important to emphasize that in the region of South America the greater variety of them is found.